Location: 40 minutes outside Arusha on the way to Moshi
Animals: Abundant Zebras, Giraffes, Waterbucks, Reedbucks, Klipspringers, Hippos, Buffaloes, Hyenas, Mongooses, Dik-dik, Warthogs, Baboons and Vervet and Colobus Monkeys. Perhaps Elephants and Leopards, but no Lions or Rhinos.
Activities: Game-Drives, Forest Walks, Canoeing, Mt. Meru Climb
This is the closest national park to city Centre; it is an easy 40-minute drive from central Arusha. The Arusha National Park often overlooked is in fact a treasure, a rich tapestry of habitats, teeming with animals and birds. From the lush swamps of the Ngurudoto Crater to the tranquil beauty of the Momela Lakes and the rocky alpine heights of the Mt.Meru offers amazing geographical characteristics.
Herds of buffalo, zebra and warthogs as well as giraffes and elephants wander in the sky of this parks and graze on the park’s red grasslands and the leopards lurk next to waterfalls in the shadowy forest to wait for thirsty zebras and antelopes. Not to forget the very rare primates such as the acrobatic black- and- white Colobus monkeys are easily seen. The area at the fork of the roads leading to Momela Gate called the “Serengeti ndogo” name which means “little Serengeti” describes an open grassland and is the only place in the park where the Burchell’s Zebra will be seen.
The early morning and later evening are usually the best times to observe animals. During the heat of the day much wildlife rests under or retreats into the deeper parts of the forest. However with careful and patient searching, visitors can see interesting species throughout the day in Arusha national park
Location: 4 hours drive from Arusha on the way to the Serengeti
Animals: One of the few places you have a chance to spot rhinos. One can also find Lion, Leopard, Buffalo, Elephant, Zebra, Giraffe, Warthog, Hyena, Hippo, Wildebeest, Ostrich, eland, Grant's, reedbuck, rare wild dogs, cheetah and Thomson's gazelles
Activities: Hiking, Nature Walk, Game Drives, Visit a Maasai-Boma, Visit Olduvai Gorge, Bird watching
Ngorongoro Conservation Area boasts a blend of landscape, wildlife, people and archeology that is unsurpassed in Africa. Often referred to as the African Eden and the eighth wonder of the world, it is also a pioneering experiment in multiple land use means to allow humans and wildlife to coexist in a natural setting. The Ngorongoro Crater is one of Africa’s most famous sites. Once a volcano supposedly taller than Kilimanjaro, the Ngorongoro Crater is 20 kilometers across with 600 meter high walls. It covers an Area 8,292 sq.km of which the crater covers an area of 260 sq.km , the Ngorongoro Crater is the largest and most perfect volcanic crater on earth. The first view of Ngorongoro Crater takes ones breath away .
Africa’s Big Five are found on the Crater floor as well as large herds of buffalo, zebra and wildebeest. The Crater alone has over 20,000 large animals including some of Tanzania’s last remaining black rhinos.
Volcanoes, grasslands and mountain forests are home to an abundance of wild animals and to the Maasai people .Open grasslands cover most of the crater floor, turning yellow with wild flowers in June. The Makat soda lake is great attraction for flamingos and other water birds, while predators hide in the marsh to ambush animals that come to drink from the river that feeds the lake. Swamps on the crater provide water and habitat for the elephants and hippo as well as the many smaller creatures such as frogs, snakes and several cats.
Location: 7 hours outside Arusha, 2.5 hours from the Ngorongoro Crater
Animals: Virtually all safari animals except for the Rhino.
Activities: Game Drives, Hot Air Balloon, Bush Walks and Night Game Drives
Not only is it Tanzania’s oldest and popular national park but the mighty Serengeti is one of the best wildlife sanctuaries in the world famed for its annual migration, when some six million hooves pound its endless plains as more than 200,000 zebra and 300,000 Thomson’s gazelle join the wildebeest’s trek for fresh grazing and renowned for its wealth of leopard and lion. This park has been declared a World Heritage Site.
The vast reaches of the park are a hiding place for the endangered black rhino and provide a protected breeding ground for the vulnerable cheetah, alongside the Serengeti’s thousands of other diverse species, from the 500 varieties of bird to 100 different types of dung beetle. Serengeti offers sensational game viewing in Africa with great herds of buffalo, smaller groups of elephant and giraffe, and thousands and thousands of eland, topi, kigoni, impala, and Grant’s gazelle. Overall Serengeti has about 35 species of plains animal including big five and has 500-plus bird species ranging from the outsized ostrich and bizarre secretary bird of the open of the open grassland, to the black eagles that soar effortlessly above the Lobo hills.
After the rains, the Serengeti’s magical golden horizon is transformed into an endless green carpet, flecked with wildflowers. The famous plains are interspersed with wooded hills, towering termite mounds, monumental rocky kopjes and rivers with elegant acacia trees.
Amazing Wildebeest Migration :Witness the amazing wildebeest migration which is one of the most amazing wildlife events. The wildebeest migration is a circular journey which happens through the whole year. A five day Wildebeest Migration safari will enable you to visit three major Tanzanian national parks starting Lake Manyara or Tarangire National Park. Prepare yourself for majestic Serengeti where migration peaks at this time of the year up to two million wildebeest move round the Serengeti and Maasai Mara ecosystems followed closely by approximately 300,000 zebra and 200,000 assorted other antelopes.
Visit Southern Serengeti -Ndutu which in December which is a calving season for wildebeest, time of year we expect the main migration herds to be spread out across the southern Serengeti plains. Spend the day with game drives as dictated by game movements, picnic lunch, and more game drives.
Location: 2 hours from Arusha Town and almost directly between Arusha and Ngorongoro Crater.
Animals: Though cheetahs are rare, you’ll find pretty much all the animals you will see on safari except rhinos. Has more than 550 bird species!
Activities: Game Drives, Guided Walks (from selected accommodations only) and Night Game Drives (from selected accommodations only)
Tarangire is located 118km (75miles) southwest of Arusha. The dry season is a spectacular time to visit Tarangire, the day after day of cloudless skies seem to suck all the moisture from the landscape, turning the waving grasses to platinum blonde, brittle as straw and it is at this time of the year when the thirsty elephants and antelopes marching hundreds of kilometers to Tarangire river, a mere permanent water source that flows across the length of the park chocked with wildlife..
In search of underground springs herds of three hundred elephants dig in the damp earth of the riverbed while wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, and gazelle mingle with a rare species such as eland and Oryx around each shrinking lagoon. Python climb into shade of the trees that line Tarangire’s massive southern swamps and hang there like giant malignant fruit coils neatly arranged over the branches in a perfect sphere. it is during the dry season when Tarangire enjoys the greatest concentration of wildlife ever present to fascinate visitors with their grace, intelligence and majesty.
Location: Approximately 2.5 hours from Arusha on the road en route to the Ngorongoro Crater
Animals: Elephants, Wildebeest, Buffalo, Hippo, Impala, Bushbuck, Waterbuck, Klipspringers, Zebra, Giraffe, Mongoose, Warthog, Leopards and the famous tree-climbing Lions, Blue Monkeys, Vervet Monkeys, Baboons, and over 380 bird-species including impressive flocks of Flamingos feeding on the lake’s algae.
Activities: Biking, Hiking, Game drive
This beautiful park is famous for its tree climbing lions, large buffalo, wildebeest, baboons, blue monkeys, elephants and perfect introduction to Tanzania’s birdlife. Stretching for 50km along the base of rusty-gold 600-metre high Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Manyara is scenic gem , with a setting described by Ernest Hemingway, as “the loveliest I had seen in Africa’’. It consists of a thin green band of forest, white-hot shores of an ancient soda lake .This wedge of surprisingly varied vegetation supports a wealth of wildlife, nourished by the streams flowing out of the escarpments base and waterfalls spilling over the cliffs.
It has greatest concentration of species of bird, more than 400 species have been recorded and you can observe up to 100 of them in a single dat. It has thousands of pink hued flamingos on their perpetual migration; also it includes large water birds such as pelicans, cormorants and storks. Acacia woodland shelters the park’s famous tree-climbing lions, lying among the branches in the heat of the day. Feeding in the undergrowth or dozing in the dry riverbeds is a country’s densest populations of buffalo and elephants.
In the deep southern side of the park, hot springs, bubbles to the surface as hippo wallow near the lake’s sedge-lined borders.
Size: 1668 sq km ( 641 sq miles).
Location: Northern Tanzania, near the town of Moshi.
Getting there: 128 km (80 miles) from Arusha. About one hour’s drive from Kilimanjaro airport
Kilimanjaro is not only the highest peak in Africa but also the world's highest free standing, snow-covered equatorial mountain. It represents a towering yet powerful life force for the local Chagga people and all those who have made their lives around this mountain, providing rich volcanic soils for agriculture and an endless source of pure spring waters. Kilimanjaro is also referred to as a mystery wreathed in clouds. Over 75,000 people climb Kilimanjaro per year so it is not the most remote mountain, neither is it the most arduous, but it is certainly a test of one’s abilities with altitude sickness being the main reason for climbers not to summit.
It is one of the world's most accessible high summits, a beacon for visitors from around the world. Most climbers reach the crater rim with little more than a walking stick, proper clothing and determination. And those who reach Uhuru Point, the actual summit, or Gillman's Point on the lip of the crater, will have earned their climbing certificates and their memories.
But there is so much more to Kili than her summit. The ascent of the slopes is a virtual climatic world tour, from the tropics to the Arctic. There much to do at Kili such as six usual trekking routes to the summit and other more-demanding mountaineering routes, day or overnight hikes on the Shira plateau. Nature trails on the lower reaches, trout fishing, visit the beautiful Chala Crater Lake on the mountain’s southeastern slopes.
Even before you cross the national parks boundary (at the 2,700m contour), the cultivated foot slopes give way to lush montane forest, inhabited by elusive elephant, leopard, buffalo, the endangered Abbot’s duiker, and other small antelope and primates. Higher still lays the moorland zone, where a cover of giant heather is studded with otherworldly giant lobelias. Above 4,000m, a surreal alpine desert supports little life other than a few hardy mosses and lichen. Then, finally, the last vestigial vegetation gives way to a winter wonderland of ice and snow – and the magnificent beauty of the roof of the continent.
Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain that regular tourists can climb, although it remains a considerable feat of human endurance! The breathable oxygen at the top is less than half the amount than is common at sea level, and climbers cover at least eighty kilometers on nothing but their own two feet over the five days it takes to reach the top and return.
When to go: Clearest and warmest conditions from December to February, but also dry (and colder) from July-September.
Tips: Climb slowly to increase your acclimatization time and maximize your chances of reaching the summit also to avoid altitude sickness, allow a minimum of five nights, preferably even more for the climb. Take your time and enjoy the beauty of the mountain.
Size: 1050 km2 (400 square miles), 1040 m (3400 feet) above sea level
Location: At the floor of the Great Rift Valley immediately southwest of the Ngorongoro Crater
Tribes: Hadzabe and Datoga
Visit the eye catching lake Eyasi, a seasonal shallow salt or soda lake on the floor of the Great Rift Valley at the base of the Serengeti Plateau, just south of the Serengeti National Park and immediately southwest of the Ngorongoro Crater in the Crater Highlands of Tanzania. The lake is around 1050 km2 (400 square miles) and is 1040 m (3400 feet) above sea level. The main tributary is the Sibiti River and the secondary tributary is the Baray River.
Within this region you can pay a visit to the Hadzabe bushmen who are indigenous inhabitants of the lake and also see the Datoga and Mbulu people who are pastoralists, like the Maasai people. A visit with the bushmen is worthwhile and they will graciously show you where and how they live and hunt. They subsist entirely off the bush and by bow hunting animals .
A great scenery for bird lovers as the lake attracts vast numbers of birds of all sizes and colors. Some main birds to be found here include: Africa spoonbill, flamingos, gray headed gulls, great white pelicans, pied avocet and yellow-billed storks also the catfish and lungfish are the main fish found here.
Lake Eyasi palm trees sunset this region is particularly suited for exploring on foot, and day or half day hikes are highly recommended. If interested in archaeological sites the Mumba Cave is located by the shores of Lake Eyasi. The site has yielded a number of Middle Stone Age and Late Stone Age artifacts
The scenery of Lake Eyasi differs dramatically to that of the surrounding areas and is downright tropical. Palm trees border the lake and make homes for birds such as Fischer’s lovebird. Other trees in this area include the umbrella thorn acacia and sand paper bush. The lake’s water levels vary greatly between the rainy and dry seasons. During the dry season the lake is virtually nonexistent and is quite deep during the rainy season and it attracts hippos who like to cool off in its brackish waters.
Eastern Escarpment of the Great Rift Valley are lovely farming villages along the way to MtowaMbu (River of Mosquitoes) which is good site for cultural tour, You will explore MtowaMbu village (where more than 120 tribes live) and its surroundings, and you will be accompanied by your guide who will introduce you to some of these tribes so that you can learn more about their lifestyles and have a Local lunch with the Maasai Tribe
A great tribe in Ngorongoro Conservation Area, being cattle breeders they are well known for the large heards of cattle they own and live by eating mostly meat and milk that they produce themselves. You can recognize them by the black sandals and the blue and red clothes wrapped around their bodies. Maasai warriors are one of the most respected groups of the Maasai and are known world-wide. Women spend their spare time doing bead work and these accessories usually ornament their bodies, together with wooden bracelets and pierced earlobes. Maasai clan stories can be told when you visit the MaasaiBoma; you can spend a day or more with the Maasai people learn about their cultures try some Maasai dressing and chains, Maasai dancing and games, riding on camels and more while taking pictures and videos for such memorable experiences.
Spend a day with the Hadzabe inhabitants of the Lake Eyasi region and be amazed at how they have remained purely traditional hunters surviving from only hand made bow, feeding on roots and fruits and dressing in animal hides, living remote homes in the caves and trying to stay away from other people.
You will spend the day with them, seeing their home and lifestyle first hand. You can join the women on their way to gather fruits, seeds and roots, or have some hunting practice using bow and arrows with the men. An interesting feature of the Hadzabe tribe is their language. They are said to be in some kind of relation with the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert, because of the distinctive click sounds they share. Their physique is also similar, since they are smaller than other tribes and thin. However, the DNA analysis shows no common traits of the two tribes. This is an experience that will satisfy your cultural needs through observing these exotic cultures
Are pastoralists found near the Lake Eyasi are great tribes to visit. Datoga keep domestic animals such as goats, sheep, donkeys and a few chickens, but cattle are by far the most important domestic animal. They resemble the Maasai in culture. The meat, fat, blood, milk, hide, horns, tendons and cow dung of every animal have either practical or ritual purposes.
Within the Ngorongoro conservation is an archeological site well known for its exposed fossils and remnants of the early mankind. Situated on a series of faults the Olduvai Gorge carries evidence of discoveries made as early as in the last century by a German professor who found some fossil bones while looking for butterflies. Few decades later in later expeditions Dr. Leakey collected fragments and then skull and bones that were approximately 2million years old. Tools and hunting weapons from 1.5 million years ago were also discovered in this area as footprints of a man, woman and child at Laetoli, near Olduvai making it worth as visit. Ngorongoro is purely one of the world’s greatest natural spectacles; its magical setting and abundant wildlife never fail to fascinate visitor during safari . Traditional African pastoralists co-operate with Tanzania’s government bodies to help preserve the natural resources of the area and to ensure an experience for tourists.
Experience the ultimate Indian Ocean experience, with its fascinating historical Stone Town and magnificent sandy beaches with fringing coral reefs offering you with the world class watersports including scuba diving, snorkeling, and deep sea fishing, kayaking, windsurfing, waterskiing and sailing on traditional local dhows. Zanzibar is an archipelago made up of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, and several islets. It is located in the Indian Ocean, about 25 miles from the Tanzanian coast, and 6° south of the equator. Zanzibar Island (known locally as Unguja, but as Zanzibar internationally) is 60 miles long and 20 miles wide, occupying a total area of approximately 650 square miles
One can spend many idle hours and days just wandering through the fascinating labyrinth of narrow streets and alleyways of Stone Town. This may not have a particularly romantic name but it is the old city and cultural heart of Zanzibar, little has changed in the last 200 years it is fabled town where history appears to stand still. A place of winding alleys, bustling bazaars, mosques and grand Arab houses whose original owners vied with each other over the extravagance of their dwellings and very much a real community, where real people live and work. Most of the houses that can be seen today were built using coralline rock in the 19th century when Zanzibar was one of the most important trading centers in the Indian Ocean region.
The history would be incomplete without the cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper and many other spices in Zanzibar which brought the Sultans of Oman and the beginnings of the infamous slave trade. They can be seen in the plantations just outside Zanzibar town, and a good tour includes opportunities to dazzle the senses with fresh spices. Visitors will be fascinated by the sheer number of spices produced and their incredible value for many ailments. This is also the cheapest place to purchase spices and spice oils.